Let’s face it: We have barely scratched the surface when it comes to analyzing the marijuana plant. As far as the mainstream is concerned, the only compounds that matter are THC and CBD. These are the two most abundant cannabinoids in weed and are the topic of the greatest level of analysis.
On the other hand, we are performing the magnificent plant a grave injustice. It has properly more than 100 cannabinoids and extra than 200 terpenes. Published research have indicated that there might be extra than meets the eye with these hidden compounds.
The Phellandrene terpene is a prime instance. It is a lesser-recognized terpene that has seldom been researched but could have some genuine healthcare rewards. Till marijuana prohibition ends in the United States, nevertheless, it will prove hard to delve deeper into a plant which needs a LOT of investigation.
What Are Terpenes?
You will in all probability be shocked to study that there are more than 20,000 terpenes, and the marijuana plant only consists of about 1% of them! Terpenes are what allow us to smell the amazing aromas of citrus fruits and necessary oils. Marijuana strains with a somewhat higher terpene content material smell and taste great. Terpenes are even accountable for lavender’s relaxing effects.
According to the ‘entourage impact,’ marijuana’s prospective healing effects are as a outcome of the terpenes, cannabinoids, and flavonoids combining. It is now believed that terpenes can decrease or intensify the potency of your higher.
In common, marijuana flower consists of about 20-30% cannabinoids and much less than two% terpenes. On the other hand, enhanced breeding methods and technological advances imply that some strains can have up to 7% terpenes. It appears that if a plant has a single terpene that comprises at least two% of its total compounds, the effect and flavor will knock your socks off.
If you have carried out some detailed analysis, you will have heard of terpenes such as Myrcene, Pinene, Limonene, and Linalool. These terpenes, along with 4 other people, are typically classified as main terpenes for the reason that they are the most abundant ones in weed.
They are followed by a list of 20+ ‘secondary’ terpenes. These compounds are not properly-researched, but there is some information on them. Phellandrene is one particular of the most fascinating of these secondary terpenes.
What Can Phellandrene Do for Me?
It is tough to say due to the lack of analysis. Federal prohibition has clearly impacted research for the reason that the organic compounds, alpha-phellandrene, and beta-phellandrene, have been utilised in holistic medicine for a lengthy time and have been officially found more than a century ago. Just before their discovery, these compounds have been assumed to be pinene and limonene.
When the compounds have been tested in eucalyptus oil, it was identified that they comprised a pair of isomeric compounds rather than one particular as initially believed. As phellandrene is straightforward to absorb, it has come to be a well-known addition to cosmetic solutions, like quite a few other terpenes. It might be ‘mysterious,’ but you can locate it in necessary oils such as Lavender, Pine, Cinnamon, Dill, Mint, Black Pepper, and Ginger Grass.
The two organic compounds share related chemical properties and molecular structure. They are technically recognized as monoterpenes and are ‘double-bond’ isomers. You will locate alpha-phellandrene primarily in eucalyptus oil whereas beta-phellandrene is isolated from the oils of Canadian balsam and water fennel.
Each compounds are not water-soluble but are miscible. In other words, you can mix them in ether. If you mix them with ether, you can generate some thing related to the colognes and perfumes you buy. Incidentally, you might be benefitting from phellandrene if you delight in forest-fresh fragrances. In cuisine, these compounds could function in dill potato salad, cinnamon French toast, or even mint chocolate chip ice-cream.
Phellandrene – The Research
There has been some analysis on the effects of the compound. A study by Tisserand and Young, published in Vital Oil Security (Second Edition) in 2014, investigated the effects of alpha-phellandrene. The researchers found that the compound helped to decrease discomfort sensitivity and enhanced power levels.
On the other hand, it also identified that it could result in adverse skin reactions in specific scenarios. For instance, undiluted alpha-phellandrene was ‘moderately irritating’ to rabbit skin. At a concentration of eight%, it was not sensitizing even though it created one particular reaction at a four% concentration in 25 volunteers. Also, a five% concentration was sensitizing to four out of 11 sufferers with dermatitis.
A 2015 study by Piccinelli et al., published in Nutritional Neuroscience, looked at the antidepressive and antihyperalgesic actions of alpha-phellandrene and limonene. The study tested the compounds on rodents and identified that when they have been combined, the terpenes created the preferred properties. On the other hand, the group did not identify irrespective of whether phellandrene would show the very same traits by itself.
A study by Shu-Ling Hsieh et al., published in Taylor & Francis On the net, in July 2014, researched alpha-phellandrene’s effects on liver tumor cell death. It recommended that the terpene might have prospective anti-cancer properties.
As an aside, it appears as if phellandrene could have rewards as a fungicide. A 2017 study by Ji-hong Zhang, published in Botanical Research, measured the capacity of alpha-phellandrene to inhibit the development of fungus on post-harvest tomatoes and other plants. It transpired that the terpene showed an capacity to manage the Penicillium cyclopium fungus in the tomatoes.
The most important problem is that the research in query have been either carried out on rodents, or in extremely modest sample groups. The other dilemma is that phellandrene is not accessible in massive concentrations in any marijuana strain. It has been identified in strains such as SAGE, Ace of Spades, Jack Herer, and Trainwreck, but only in extremely modest quantities.
Investigation to date has not identified proof of phellandrene giving advantageous effects primarily based on the tiny amounts identified in a variety of weed strains.
Final Thoughts on Phellandrene & Terpenes
Phellandrene could have therapeutic prospective, but analysis is restricted. Even if it turns out to be a advantageous terpene, it is identified in quantities so modest that it is unlikely to have an impact. If this appears like a dilemma, contemporary breeders and scientists have possibly identified a option. These in the market who think in the energy of terpenes say it is critical to concentrate on maximizing terpene content material post-harvest rather than settling for a higher THC or CBD level.
At present, there are vaporizer corporations promoting e-liquids with 20% terpenes, 40% THC, and 40% CBD. If it is conclusively found that phellandrene, or any other terpene for that matter, is hugely advantageous, you can bet that some firm will be promoting higher-Phellandrene solutions!
Whilst there are currently thousands of marijuana strains, quite a few of them concentrate on THC or CBD. In the future, it appears most likely that a slight shift towards terpenes will be produced. If terpenes are the way forward, savvy cannapreneurs will locate a way to bring them to the public in higher quantities.